Climate-friendly milk and biogas production on Gut Hülsenberg

Production system on Hülsenberg Estate, simplified representation

Greenhouse gas balances have been prepared for biogas and milk production, including forage production, at Gut Hülsenberg in cooperation with the Chamber of Agriculture of Lower Saxony. These balances reveal our operational strengths regarding climate protection and form the basis for identifying further potential for improvement.




Greenhouse gas balances for our 2012 milk and biogas production have been prepared for the farming operation on Gut Hülsenberg in Wahlstedt in cooperation with the Chamber of Agriculture of Lower Saxony (see Downloads). The results of these greenhouse gas balances were then compared with those of other farms as part of a benchmarking process. This process has not only revealed operational strengths regarding climate protection, but has at the same time identified further potential for improvement from this baseline. The measures developed as a consequence will support the farm in reducing the environmental impact of milk production even further.



Both production and utilisation of feed can be specifically controlled on Gut Hülsenberg


The production of crops as staple feeds and fermentation substrate has been identified as the main source of greenhouse gas emissions in milk and biogas production. The main regulators to be applied to these emissions from forage production are optimally managed nitrogen fertilisation and field management to support soil health. As crops are produced internally on Gut Hülsenberg, these key factors can be optimally adjusted to the local, technical conditions of production. Feed conversion by animals and associated fermentation have been identified as other, decisive factors affecting the greenhouse gas balance of milk production that can benefit from specifically controlled feed quality.



Internal utilisation of liquid manure offers potential for emission control and energy utilisation



Additionally, the liquid manure produced on Gut Hülsenberg is utilised in the estate’s own biogas plant, which provides a whole range of benefits. Part of the liquid manure is, for example, stored in gas-tight tanks to prevent considerable emissions of gas into the air. Anaerobic fermentation of liquid manure in the biogas plant additionally supplies energy that is used by the estate itself and fed into the public grid. Another advantage lies in the improved availability of nutrients from fermented liquid manure, which makes its use as organic fertiliser in forage production more effective and thus returns the manure to the system.



Closed production processes optimally utilise available resources.



The virtually closed production system on Gut Hülsenberg allows available resources to be optimally utilised. The various production parameters can be individually monitored, controlled and optimised. This provides for maximum efficiency and consistently high product quality.